What is Parkinson's Disease? Edit
This is a progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people.
How does Parkinson's Disease Affect the Nervous System? Edit
It affects the nerves that help one to control the movements. It usually begins with no movement in the hands, than in more serious cases it can unstable you from even walking.
It affects the nervous system, or more specifically, it is a neurodegenerative disease. The movement of the body is controlled by a chemical that sends signals between the nerves in the brains called dopamine. If the cells that produce dopamine die, the patient begins to experience the signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s.
Signs and Symptoms Edit
Parkinson's Signs and Symptoms may include:
- Tremor - Shaking, usually begins in a limb, often your hands or fingers.
- Slowed movement (Bradykinesia)
- Rigid muscles
- Impaired posture and balance
- Loss of automatic movement
- Speech changes
- Writing changes
- Stooped posture
- Sleep disturbances
There is no really diagnostic for Parkinson’s disease. Your Neurologist will diagnose your Parkinson’s using your medical history. Your doctor may order tests, such as blood tests, to rule out other conditions that may be causing your symptoms. Imaging tests - such as MRI, ultrasound of the brain, SPECT and PET scans - may also be used to help rule out other disorders. These diagnosis take time since there are no xray's or test to confirm Parkinson's.
Doctors may prescribe amantadine alone to provide short-term relief of symptoms of mild, early-stage Parkinson's disease. It may also be given with carbidopa-levodopa therapy during the later stages of Parkinson's disease to control involuntary movements induce by cardiopa-levodopa. Some patients with Parkinson's can benefit with certain kinds of surgery. There are also some therapies performed to help manage the symptoms. These include:
-Physical therapy helps mobility, flexibility and balance
-Occupational therapy helps with daily activities
-Speech therapy helps with voice control
-Exercise helps muscles and joints and improves overall health and well-being